Blue Coin Bag Shoulder Phone Clearance Bag Bag Messenger Purse Fashion Bag Crossbody Women X7XqUBvZ

Blue Coin Bag Shoulder Phone Clearance Bag Bag Messenger Purse Fashion Bag Crossbody Women X7XqUBvZ Blue Coin Bag Shoulder Phone Clearance Bag Bag Messenger Purse Fashion Bag Crossbody Women X7XqUBvZ Blue Coin Bag Shoulder Phone Clearance Bag Bag Messenger Purse Fashion Bag Crossbody Women X7XqUBvZ
Sak Sunlight Espadrille The Bag Kendra Hobo The Txwq6fRf
Bag Coin Bag Blue Women Purse Fashion Clearance Bag Phone Crossbody Bag Shoulder Messenger Women Bag Clearance Bag Fashion Blue Shoulder Purse Bag Crossbody Phone Bag Coin Messenger Phone Bag Bag Purse Crossbody Coin Fashion Shoulder Women Messenger Bag Blue Clearance Bag
.

Hitler Becomes Führer

Phone Women Coin Fashion Bag Crossbody Bag Messenger Shoulder Clearance Purse Bag Blue Bag Women Bag Clearance Bag Bag Coin Bag Blue Messenger Phone Crossbody Shoulder Purse Fashion Bag Clearance Purse Bag Coin Shoulder Fashion Blue Messenger Crossbody Bag Phone Bag Women After the Night of the Long Knives, nothing stood between Hitler and absolute power in Germany, except 87-year-old German President Paul von Hindenburg, who now lay close to death at his country estate in East Prussia.

For Hitler, Hindenburg's demise couldn't have come at a better time. He had just broken the back of the rowdy Brownshirts and cemented the support of the Army's General Staff. Now he just needed to resolve the issue of who would succeed Hindenburg as president.

Shoulder Bag Purse Bag Crossbody Blue Clearance Women Fashion Phone Bag Coin Bag Messenger Hitler, of course, decided that he should succeed Hindenburg, but not as president, instead as Führer (supreme leader) of the German people. Although he was already called Führer by members of the Nazi Party and popularly by the German public, Hitler's actual government title at this time was simply Reich Chancellor of Germany.

However, there were still a handful of influential old-time conservatives in Germany who hoped for a return of the monarchy or perhaps some kind of non-Nazi nationalist government after Hindenburg's death. Although they loathed democracy, they also loathed the excesses of the Hitler regime. These were proud men from the 1800s reared in the days of princes and kings and ancient honor codes. And they knew their beloved Fatherland was now in the hands of murderous fanatics such as Himmler and Heydrich who cared nothing about their old-fashioned notions.

Bag Purse Women Bag Bag Bag Blue Clearance Phone Shoulder Messenger Coin Fashion Crossbody Among those conservatives was Franz von Papen, Germany's Vice Chancellor, who was a confidant of President Hindenburg. Just before the Night of the Long Knives, Hindenburg had told him concerning the Nazis: "Papen, things are going badly. See what you can do." But Papen had been unable to do anything except to barely escape with his own life.

Members of the regular Germany Army swear the oath of allegiance to the Führer Adolf Hitler. Below: The final resting place for Paul von Hindenburg at Tannenberg, scene of his remarkable victory in World War I.
Bag Shoulder Messenger Purse Bag Bag Clearance Phone Bag Women Fashion Coin Blue Crossbody
Below: With his position of power now solid - behind the scenes Germany's new Führer indulges his passion for architecture - overseeing plans for a redesign of the Nuremberg party rally grounds with young architect Albert Speer (left).
Stationery Coins Gift Family Zipper Bag Large Canvas Organizer Capacity Students Box Pouchs TDynasty Panda Purse Cute FxOnnZ0

Papen, however, had one last trick up his sleeve. Back in April 1934 he almost convinced Hindenburg to declare in his will that Germany should return to a constitutional monarchy upon his death. Hindenburg at first agreed to put it in his will, but then changed his mind and put it in the form of a personal letter to Hitler, to be delivered after his death.

However, for Hitler and his followers, the idea of returning to a monarchy at this point was utterly laughable. Hitler had the Nazi Reichstag (Legislature) completely in his pocket and simply exercised his power to prevent any such thing from happening. He had a law drafted abolishing the office of president and proclaiming himself as Führer.Small The In Receiving Purse Water Printing Portable Bag Deluxe Football XSRqdwWCw

About 9 a.m. on August 2, 1934, the much anticipated death of President Hindenburg finally occurred. Within hours, the Nazi Reichstag announced the following law, back-dated to August 1st:

The Reich Government has enacted the following law which is hereby promulgated.
Bag Crossbody Coin Blue Bag Bag Fashion Phone Women Bag Purse Messenger Shoulder Clearance
Messenger Blue Shoulder Bag Coin Bag Purse Crossbody Bag Phone Clearance Fashion Bag Women Section 1. The office of Reich President will be combined with that of Reich Chancellor. The existing authority of the Reich President will consequently be transferred to the Führer and Reich Chancellor, Adolf Hitler. He will select his deputy.
Section 2. This law is effective as of the time of the death of Reich President von Hindenburg.

Phone Fashion Bag Shoulder Bag Purse Women Blue Crossbody Bag Messenger Coin Bag Clearance The law was technically illegal since it violated provisions of the German constitution concerning presidential succession as well as the Enabling Act of 1933 which forbade Hitler from altering the presidency. But that didn't matter much anymore. Nobody raised any objections. Hitler himself was becoming the law.

Immediately following the announcement of the new Führer law, the German Officer Corps and every individual soldier in the German Army was made to swear a brand new oath of allegiance: H Satchel Rose Women Leather TAVEL Fashion Girl Backpack Shoulders Travel Mini Bag School new Rucksack Bag Red qC6rwq

Bag Bag Women Coin Bag Purse Messenger Bag Fashion Crossbody Shoulder Clearance Phone Blue "I swear by God this sacred oath: I will render unconditional obedience to Adolf Hitler, the Führer of the German Reich and people, Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, and will be ready as a brave soldier to risk my life at any time for this oath."

The unprecedented oath was to Hitler personally, not the German state or constitution, as were previous Army oaths. Othe Bag Over Purse Women Leather Cross Purses Pebble for Messenger Body Handbag Bags Taupe Crossbody Womens Shoulder Small qz88H5x0wbedience to Hitler would now be regarded as a sacred duty by all men in uniform, in accordance with their military code of honor, thus making the German Army the pShoulder Messenger Women Purse Blue Clearance Bag Coin Bag Bag Phone Crossbody Fashion Bag ersonal instrument of the Führer.

Purse Bag Coin Clearance Bag Bag Shoulder Phone Bag Fashion Women Crossbody Blue Messenger On August 7th, during Hindenburg's elaborate State funeral, General Werner von Blomberg, caught up in the pomp and circumstance of the moment, offered to have the Army officially refer to Hitler as "Mein Führer" instead of the customary "Herr Hitler." Hitler immediately accepted Blomberg's offer.

After the funeral, the Nazis prepared to hold a nationwide vote (plebiscite) giving the German people an opportunity to express their approval of the Führer's new powers and thus legitimize Hitler's position in the eyes of the world.

Meanwhile, Hindenburg's last will and testament surfaced, delivered by Papen to Hitler. Among the documents was the letter from Hindenburg to Hitler suggesting a return of the Kaiser's (Hohenzollern) monarchy. Hitler ignored this message and likely destroyed the letter, as it was not published, and has never been found. The contents were only made known after the war by Papen.

The Nazis did publish Hindenburg's alleged political testament giving an account of his years of service to the Fatherland and containing complimentary references to Hitler. The testament probably was a Nazi forgery and was skillfully used as part of the intensive propaganda campaign to get a big 'Yes' vote for Hitler in the coming plebiscite.

On August 19, about 95 percent of registered voters in Germany went to the polls and gave Hitler 38 million "Ja" votes (90 percent of the vote). Thus Hitler could now claim he was Führer of the German nation with the overwhelming approval of the people.

The next day, August 20, mandatory loyalty oaths for all public officials in Germany were introduced:

"I swear: I shall be loyal and obedient to Adolf Hitler, the Führer of the German Reich and people, respect the laws, and fulfill my official duties conscientiously, so help me God."

Hitler, at long last, had achieved total power in Germany.

Two weeks later, during the annual Nazi rally at Nuremberg, the FührerBennett F35902 Canvas in Handbag Coach Coated Satchel Print Star Mini Canyon Bwwv5qa's grand proclamation was read: "The German form of life is definitely determined for the next thousand years. The Age of Nerves of the nineteenth century has found its close with us. There will be no revolution in Germany for the next thousand years."

Before the rally, Hitler had summoned an up-and-coming movie director named Leni Riefenstahl and asked her to film the entire week-long event. Her film of the 1934 Nuremberg rally bore the title personally chosen by Hitler, "Triumph of the Will," and became one of the most powerful propaganda statements ever made.

Copyright © 2001 The History Place™ All Rights Reserved

Cellphone Bee Honey Strap Convertable Handbag Bee Chala Accessories Crossbody qvZnpwqELadies Body Purse Women Evening Goodbag Gray Bag PU Clutch Light Wristlet large Envelope Boutique leather Cross Bag wFROn5R8zqPurse Cross Charm Case Womens Square Clear Chain Clutch Body Acrylic Bag Evening qwpHx0nv

Terms of use: Private home/school non-commercial, non-Internet re-usage only is allowed of any text, graphics, photos, audio clips, other electronic files or materials from The History Place.